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Basic Knowledge

8 Multiple Intelligences
Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences is widely known and utilized in educational settings. Gardner rejects the notion that intelligence as measured by IQ tests is relevant, and instead believes that people have very different ways of learning based on how they individually process information. Dr Gardner said "Every learner has the capacity to exhibit all of these intelligences, but some intelligences are more highly developed that others in certain individuals."




Intra-personal Intelligence
The ability to assess one's own strength, weakness, talents, and interests and use them to set goals, to understand oneself to be of service to others, to form and develop concepts and theories based on an examination of oneself, and to reflect one's inner moods, intuitions, and temperament and to use them to create or express a personal view.

Musical Intelligence
The capacity to think in music; to be able to hear patterns, recognizes them, and perhaps manipulates them. People who have strong musical intelligence don't just remember music easily, they can't get it out of their minds, it's omnipresent.

Interpersonal Intelligence
The ability to organize pe0ple and to communicate clearly what needs to be done, to use empathy to help others and to solve problems, to discriminate and interpret among different kinds of interpersonal clues, and to influence and inspire other to work toward a common goal.

Linguistic Intelligence
Linguistic Intelligence allows individuals to communicate and make sense of the world through language. Those who have a keen sensitivity to language in tis spoken and / or written forms might demonstrate this strength as poets, writers, lawyers, and public speakers. Linguistic Intelligence is highly valued and rewarded in schools.

Kinesthetic Intelligence
The capacity to use you whole body or parts of your body (your hands, your fingers, your arms) to solve a problem, make something, or put on some kind of production. The most evident examples are people in athletics or the performing arts, particularly dancing or acting.

Logical-mathematical Intelligence
Logical-mathematical Intelligence enables individuals to use, appreciate, and analyses abstract relationships. In western culture, this capacity is often harnessed in mathematical reasoning and scientific investigations. Mathematicians, scientists, and engineers deploy this intelligence at high levels. Like linguistic intelligence, logical-mathematical intelligence is emphasized in schools.

Naturalist Intelligence
The ability to discriminate among living things (plants, animal). This ability was clearly of value in our evolutionary past as hunters, gatherers, and farmers; it continues to be central in such roles as botanist or chef.

Visual Spatial Intelligence
The ability to deal with space and distance – the way a sailor or airplane pilot navigates the large spatial world, or a chess player or sculptor.